In recent years the problem of pollution has become very acute. It is the industrialized west which takes it seriously, because it is suffering from its injurious effects. In India, sufficient attention has not been paid to it. If we do not tackle this problem now, future generations will suffer from the harmful effects of pollution.
This problem assumes different forms such as Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil pollution, Noise pollution and Paper pollution. Trees have been cut down, on an high scale. So the main cause of air and water pollution is unbalanced industrial growth and urbanization and deforestation.
The owners of industries dump waste material on the surface of the earth or in rivers. So, water is polluted and the waste on the earth produces different poisonous gases which pollute the air. On the other hand, forests where purity air have been cut down and new cities and industries have been established in their place. The cutting of the forests causes what is called “The Green House Effects”. It results in the heating of the earth’s surface which has serious problems for life on this planet.
Trees and plants turn carbon-dioxide into oxygen but when they are cut down, the air is not purified. Deforestation also causes soil erosion. The rich soil is either washed away by water or blown away by the wind.
Polluted water is used for watering the plants and vegetables. In this way, vegetables and crops are polluted. Pesticides are also a source of pollution to our crops, vegetables and fruits.
Most Food and snacks ready for sale at the pavement, street corner alongside the road are uncovered and dirty. They are cooked with polluted air. People are tempted to eat and taste them because of their habit and greed. These unhygienic foods are also harmful for our health.
Sound pollution is very common to all. The noise of vehicles, mills, factories, industries are really boring and unbearable. This also causes dull of hearing, headache etc.
To fight against these pollutions, we must ensure some steps. We must stop polluting the air by smoke. For that, we have to reduce the amount of petrol driven cars and vehicles on the road. We must plant more and more tree.
We should cultivate fresh vegetables so that we can reduce food pollution. We should not hear songs with a loud volume on the sound box. We should also stop the mill, factory or industry owners to build these in the city. These should be made in a planned way.
People should be made full of awareness of bad-effects of the types of pollutions created by them. Thus, we should take measures protect our nature.